Intention of Zakat

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Intention of Zakat

Rule no.1958. A person should give Zakat with the intention of Qurbah, that is, to comply with the orders of Almighty Allah. And he should specify in his intention, he is giving the Zakat on his wealth. For example, if it is obligatory on him to give Zakat on wheat and barley, it is not necessary for him to specify that he is giving Zakat of wheat or barley

Rule no.1959. If a person becomes liable to pay Zakat on various items, and he gives a part of Zakat without making the intention of any of those items, if the thing which he has given is of the same genus as any one of those items, it will be reckoned to be Zakat on that very genus . But if he gives Zakat in form of money, which does not belong to the genus of anything amongst those items, Zakat will be divided on all the items. For example, if it is obligatory on a person to pay Zakat on 40 sheep and on 15 mithqals of gold, and he gives one sheep as Zakat without any specified intention of either, it will be treated to be Zakat on sheep. But if he gives some silver coins or bank notes, which does not belong to either commodity, as it is neither sheep nor gold, it will be considered as Zakat liable on him due to the sheep and the gold coins.

Rule no.1960. If a person appoints someone as his representative to give away the Zakat of his property, he should, while handing over Zakat to the representative, as an obligatory precaution makes the intention that whatever his representative will later give to a poor person is Zakat. And it is better that his intention remains constant until Zakat reaches the poor.

Rule no.1961. If a person gives Zakat to a poor person without making the intention of Qurbah, and before that wealth which is given as Zakat perishes he makes the intention of Zakat, it will be accepted as Zakat.