Disposal of Fitrah

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Disposal of Fitrah

Rule no.2015. If Zakat of Fitrah is spent on one of the eight purposes which have been mentioned earlier in connection with Zakat, then it is sufficient. But as an obligatory precaution, Fitrah should be paid to poor Shias only.

Rule no.2016. If a Shia child is poor, one can spend Fitrah on him, or make it his property by entrusting it to its guardian.

Rule no.2017. It is not necessary that the poor to whom Fitrah is given should be a just person (`Adil). But it is not permissible to give Fitrah to a drunkard. And as an obligatory precaution, Fitrah must not be given to one who does not offer his daily prayers, or commits sins openly.

Rule no.2018. Fitrah should not be given to a person who spends it on sinful acts.

Rule no.2019. The obligatory precaution is that a poor person should not be given Fitrah which is less than a Saa' (about 3 kilograms). However, there is no harm if more than that is given to him, but it is not more than his need.

Rule no.2020. When the price of a superior quality of a commodity is double than that of the ordinary, for example, when the price of a particular kind of wheat is double than that of the price of its ordinary kind, it is not sufficient to give half a Saa' of the wheat of superior quality as Fitrah. Also, it is not sufficient if the value of half a Saa' is given with the intention of Fitrah.

Rule no.2021. One cannot give as Fitrah half a Saa' of one commodity e.g. Wheat, and half a Saa' of another commodity e.g. barley, and if he gives these with the intention of paying the price of Fitrah, even then it is not sufficient.

Rule no.2022. It is recommended that while giving Zakat of Fitrah, one should give preference to one's poor relatives and then one’s poor neighbours, and then to give preference to the learned persons over others. But, if some other people are preferred for some other reason, it is recommended that preference must be given to him

Rule no.2023. If a man gives Fitrah to a person thinking that he is poor, and it transpires later that he was not poor, and if the property which he gave to him has not perished, he should take it back from him, and give it to a person who is deserving of it. But if he cannot take it back from him, he should replace it from his own property. And if what he gave as Fitrah perished, and the person who took Fitrah knew that he had received Fitrah, he should reimburse it, but if he did not know it, it is not obligatory on him to give reimburse it, and the man who gave Fitrah should give it once again.

Rule no.2024. If a person claims to be poor, Fitrah can be given to him, but if a person knows that the claimant was a rich man previously, Fitrah must not be given him unless one is satisfied with his claim.